tuscany villa rental

Converters

When planning your European vacation, a number of conversions may become necessary. For this reason we have gathered together a number of quick converters that even seasoned travelers may find helpful to have all in one place.

As a general note, Italy, like all of Europe, is on the decimal system.

Also keep in mind that in Italy the conventions for dividing numbers are different from those in America: a period is used to separate thousands and a comma to separate decimals. Therefore, 1.23 (U.S. style) is written 1,23 in Italy, while American 12,345 is written 12.345.

Monetary currency

The monetary unit all over Europe is now the Euro (€ or EU). Each country in the European Monetary Community mints its own coins and bills, but all are valid in all of the countries in the Union.

Bills are issued in 7 denominations:
    5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euro.
There are 8 different coins:
    2 euro, 1 euro, and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 euro-centesimi.

The rate of exchange with non-European currencies varies daily.

You can find the equivalent of any sum at today's exchange rates -- either the median bank rate or one closer to what the transaction may actually yield -- in this CONVERTER.

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Time and daylight savings

Italy is one hour ahead (+1) of Greenwich Mean Time, along with the rest of continental Europe. This means, for example, that when it is 12 noon in New York, it is already 6 pm in Siena and Montalto. When it is 12 noon in Siena it is already 9 pm in Sydney.

Summer Daylight Saving Time (here called ora legale) is in force from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October, making clock time an hour ahead of regular zone time.

You can check the current time in Italy from here.

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Distance converter

The Meter (m = metro) equals about 40 inches, and one Foot equals about 30 centimeters (cm = centimetri).

Road distances are measured in Kilometers (km = chilometri), each of which is equal to about 3300 ft, or about 0.62 miles. A Mile is therefore about 1600 meters. To simplify, a kilometer is about 6/10 of a mile and a mile about 1 ½ kilometers.

Find specific length equivalents in the box below:

First, type here the number you wish to convert:
Then, click buttons for desired conversion:
From: Centimeters
Inches
Feet
Yards
Meters
Chains
Kilometers
Miles
To: Centimeters
Inches
Feet
Yards
Meters
Chains
Kilometers
Miles

.......

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Weight converter

Kitchen measurements are in grams (g = grammi) and kilos (kg = chili or chilogrammi). An ounce is about 30 grams; a kilo is 2.2 pounds.

Find weight equivalents in the box below:

First, type the number you wish converted here:

Then, click buttons for desired conversion:

From:

Kilograms

Grains

Troy Ounces

Avoirdupois Ounces*

Troy Pounds

Avoirdupois Pounds*

Short Tons

Long Tons

Metric Tons

To:

Kilograms

Grains

Troy Ounces

Avoirdupois Ounces*

Troy Pounds

Avoirdupois Pounds*

Short Tons

Long Tons

Metric Tons


* Also known as Apothecary Ounces and Pounds

.......

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Volume

A litre (l = litro) is the volume equivalent of one kilo of water and is divided into fractions of decilitri (about half a cup) or centilitri (a fraction of a teaspoon, which contains 5 cl).

A cup of water or sugar will be about equal to a pound or 450 g, while a cup of flour, which is lighter, will be only about 350 g.

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Electricity

Electric current in Italy is furnished at 220 Volts. Be very sure that any electrical appliance you bring with you will function on 220 V, or bring an appropriate transformer.

Flat plugs will not fit in an Italian electric socket, nor will all round plugs. We have plug converters available if you need them but these do NOT convert voltage.

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Automotive fuel

Gasoline/petrol in Italy is called benzina, but the pump will usually say senza piombo (lead-free).

Many rental cars in Italy run on diesel fuel, sometimes called diesel but more often gasolio.

Be very sure what kind of fuel your automobile requires, and very sure that you put the right kind in when you fill up the tank. Mistakes can cause sudden failure while driving!

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Road signs

The octagonal red STOP sign is now almost universal, but there are many differences in other traffic indications.

Unless specifically indicated, the maximum speed is 50km/hour within city limits, 90 on country roads and 130 on autostrade (major divided highways). Italians often do exceed the limits but radar controls are frequent and carry heavy penalties; a car may be impounded on the spot for driving 40 km/hr above the speed limit.

Roads are generally indicated by the towns you will find along the way, not by road numbers.

Exits from divided highways are nearly always on the right.

No right turn is permitted at a red light unless there is a specific green arrow.

A point-up triangle means 'proceed with caution'.

A triangle with the point down means 'yield right of way', often indicated by a line of white point-down triangles painted across the roadway.

At intersections not indicated by a triangle, the vehicle approaching from the right has the right of way.

A red-and-blue disk with a red X across it means 'no parking'.

ZTL (Zona di Traffico Limitato) indicates an area closed to all traffic without special permits.

Motoveicoli means scooters and motorcycles and does NOT include automobiles.

Fast pay at an autostrada (tollway) gate indicates one where credit cards are accepted.

Telepass indicates a gate only for cars equipped with electronic payment devices

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